Browse Exhibits (26 total)
In 1947, Harry S. Truman was the President of the United States, he had succeeded to the presidency in April, 1945 when Roosevelt died. World War II had ended but fear and suspicion particularly over Communism continued and 1947 saw the establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The House UnAmerican Activites Committee began investigations into Communism in Hollywood.
1947 saw the first instant camera with the release of the Polaroid Land camera, the transistor was invented, the sound barrier was broken and the first long playing (LP) albums were released.
Popular films included "Miracle on 34th Street," Tennesse William's play, "A Streetcar Named Desire" is produced on Broadway and "The Diary of Anne Frank" is published.
In 1948, Truman continues as president, he wins the presidential election in November. In April, Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes money to aid war torn Europe.
In 1948 over one million households owned televisions where only 5,000 had in 1945. "South Pacific" opens on Broadway, "The Red Shoes" and "Easter Parade" are playing in theaters and the game "Scrabble" is introduced.
In this edition of the L Book a page dedicated to "Those who gave their lives that this nation might live," lists the names of 54 students killed in WWII.
In 1950 Harry S. Truman is the President of the United States and in June the Korean War begins when North Korea invades South Korea. Truman orders the development of a hydrogen bomb once he learns that the Soviet Union has detonated its first atomic bomb. Senator Joseph McCarthy claims that there are 205 Communists in the U.S. State Department and in February, Albert Einstein warns that nuclear war could lead to mutual destruction.
Jack Keroac's "On the Road" is published, the comic strip, "Peanuts" by Charles M. Schulz is published for the first time in 7 U.S. newspapers. Popular films include, "Sunset Boulevard" and "Father of the Bride."
The television remote is introduced and 8 million homes now have a television set. The first credit cards are introduced in the United States.
At Lawrence Institute of Technology, "An overwhelming majority of the male students graduating this June attended college under the "GI Bill" ... When we enrolled in surprisingly large numbers in 1946, the experts said that the ex-servicemen would be a miserable flop as student ; yet here we are, cap and gown, diploma and a big grin for the experts who didn't think we had the goods."
The year is 1951, Harry S. Truman is President of the United States and in May the first thermonuclear weapon is tested in the Marshall Islands, by the United States. In March, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage and are sentenced to death.
The first oral contraceptive (the Pill) was invented by Luis E. Miramontes, and the first color television images were broadcast from the Empire State Building.
Television show, "I Love Lucy" debuts in October, The "King and I" opens on Broadway, "The Catcher in the Rye" is first published and popular movies include: "Showboat" and "The African Queen."
At Lawrence Institute of Technology students, "... came to college imbued with an idea of the seriousness of his place in the world ... education has a two fold purpose in life: 1. subject learning and 2. social adjustment. We, the graduating class of 1951, have found that these two features of college life must be harmoniously pursued."
In the year 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower became the 34th president of the United States, General Motors introduced the first American sports car, the Corvette which was manufactured in Flint, Michigan, Ethel & Julius Rosenberg were excuted, and the Korean War ended. From Here to Enternity won best film at the 26th Academy Awards and Hugh Hefner published the first edition of Playboy magazine.
Lawrence Institute of Technology was just over twenty years old and was looking to expand and this yearbook features a two-page spread of a model of the proposed administration and classrooms building created by Pellerin, Wright, Bery & Hughes, Architects. L.I.T. graduated one woman, Doris A. Smith and two African American men, Eddie W. Edwards and Jimmie Harvin. American military leader, Douglas MacArthur paid a visit to the university and received a hero's welcome.
The year is 1954, Dwight D. Eisenhower is the president of the United States and the country is deep into the Cold War. In a case before the Supreme Court (Brown vs. the Board of Education) segregation is ruled unconstitutional and Senator Joseph McCarthy is hunting for communists in the United States.
Marilyn Monroe marries Joe DiMaggio and the movie, "On the Waterfront" will go on to win the Academy Award for Best Motion Picture.
Lawrence Institute of Technology continues to grow which is noted in this yearbook, "the school has risen from its humble beginning in the midst of the depression, in 1932, to one of the biggest and best engineering colleges in the nation."
In 1955 the U.S. has a new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, his vice president was Richard Nixon. Teenager, Emmet Till, is murdered in Mississippi for allegedly not being respectful to a white woman, and Rosa Parks is arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white woman.
Roy Kroc opens the first McDonalds in Illinois, Jonas Salk's polio vaccine receives approval from the Food & Drug Administration.
In entertainment, the Mickey Mouse Club debuts on television, Disneyland opens in California, actor James Dean who stars in "Rebel Without a Cause" and "East of Eden" is killed in an automobile accident. Popular films include: "The Seven Year Itch," "The Night of the Hunter" and "Marty." Hit songs include: "Maybelene," "Rock Around the Clock" and "Love is a Many Splendored Thing." Marian Anderson becomes the first African American singer to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
At Lawrence Institute of Technology, "Progress is more than a mere word. Within its full meaning lies the greatest accomplishments of world history. Without it all would be futile ... life indeed would be reduced to a mere shamble ... nations would become decadent ... cities would rust and crumble. It is fortunate that in the minds of great men, this word is uppermost in their thoughts, it is an ever-present challenge ... the challenge to go on to greater heights, to achieve that which to many seems just beyond reach."
In 1956 President Dwight Eisenhower beat democratic opponent, Adlai Stevenson for a second term in the White House, Richard Nixon continued as Vice President and Lyndon Johnson was the Senate Majority Leader. 96 congressmen signed the "Southern Manifesto" in protest of the 1954 Supreme Court ruling (Brown v. Board of Education) which made school segration illegal in America. This year the phrase "under God" was added to the Pledge of Allegiance.
In technology, the first video tape was demonstrated at a convention in Chicago by a company named, Ampex, and the first hard disc was developed by IBM.
In medicine, the first oral vaccine for polio was developed by Albert Sabin.
Elvis Presley saw his first single, "Heartbreak Hotel" enter the music charts, his first movie, "Love me Tender" opened in New York and he appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time. Popular movies included: "The Ten Commandments," "The King and I" and "High Society."
At Lawrence Institute of Technology, "the first graduating class of the new campus has a greater meaning than could at first be comprehended. It is soon realized that this ediface is one of the many symbols of man's struggle to improve himself, both intellectually and scientifically ... Progress is our future theme. Individually or as a collective group, we will strive to better ourselves, our community and our position in life and in this way be a credit to our nation and our alma mater."
1957 is considered the peak of the Baby Boomer years. Baby Boomers were those children born (in the U.S. and Europe mainly) after WWII and before 1965. Dwight Eisenhower began his second term in the White House with Richard Nixon as Vice President. In September, Governor Orville Faulbus called out the U.S. National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling in Central High School in Little Rock. This same year the Civil Rights Commission was established under the Civil Rights Act of 1957. In Michigan the Mackinac Bridge opened for business connecting the upper and lower pennisulas.
In science and technology, the Russians launched Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, ushering in the space race between the United States and Russia. Ultrasound scanning was developed in Scotland, and the first nuclear power plant opened in the U.S. in Pennsylvania.
In the arts, Allen Ginsberg published his famous poem, "Howl," American Bandstand debuted on network television and "West Side Story" premiered on Broadway. Popular movies include: "12 Angry Men," "The Three Faces of Eve" and "Jailhouse Rock."
The year is 1958 and the "Space Age" has begun with the founding of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). Lawrence Institute of Technology recognizes this future in the foreward of the 1958 yearbook, "Now at the beginning of the "Space Age" we have a stimulating challenge to fulfill; the ever increasing need for trained engineers and scientists."
Dwight D. Eisenhower is president of the United States and Richard Nixon, vice president. Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union. Unemployment in Detroit, Michigan reaches 20% at the height of the 1958 recession.
The Academy Award best motion picture went to "Gigi" and Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel "Lolita" is published in the United States.
In 1959 the United States grew to 50 states with the admission of Alaska and Hawaii into the union. Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon continue as President and Vice President of the United States and unemployment reaches 1.4 million. In April, NASA announces the Mercury 7, seven military pilots who will be trained to be the first U.S. astronauts, meanwhile the USSR launches Luna 2 which crashes on the moon in September. Around the world, Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba after a revolution and the Dali Lama if forced to flee Tibet.
In science and technology Xerox launches the first commercial copy machine, the microchip is invented by Jack Kilby, and the computer modem is invented.
In the arts, Miles Davis releases his influential jazz album, "Shades of Blue," and the Grammy Awards begin this year. In film, "Some Like it Hot," premiers and "A Rasin in the Sun," by Lorraine Hansberry opens on Broadway. Rock idols Buddy Holly, Richie Valens and the Big Bopper are killed in a plane crash.
At Lawrence Institute of Technology, "... the members of the faculty have given you knowledge that was obtained not only from text books but also from their invaluable practical experiences. Until now, your professors have painstakingly attempted to mold your minds into the ideals of the scientific man. In future recollections you will take pride in your numerous scholastic achievements which were the stepping stones preparatory to treading the endless path of future education and social accomplishments."